|Duncan Phyfe is probably the most famous of all American furniture makers. Working out of shops and warehouses on the west side of Manhattan he initially became famous making furniture for New York's upper middle class and rich, and then as his business grew, he became known nationwide and his furniture was shipped all over the United States and the Americas. The style he developed, an outgrowth of Federalist style perfectly reflected the growing wealth and importance of America in the first half of the nineteenth century. Rich, luxurious, but not ostentatious. He died in 1854 and after a short stay in Marble Cemetery in Manhattan he was reinterred across the harbor in Brooklyn in the very fashionable Green-Wood Cemetery. Only a few blocks from my office. Green-Wood Cemetery was established in 1838 and is now the final resting place of almost a half a million New Yorkers. An important concept in 19th century cemeteries was to make the place attractive, both as a nice place for the residents, and to encourage family visits to keep the deceased as part of the family circle. So the cemetery is landscaped, with hills, lakes, walks, and open space. Many of the memorials, headstones, and mausoleums are of great beauty and imagination. It is now a National Historic Site. It is still a working cemetery. Open to the public, you are encouraged one to wander around and take in the sites. It's a fabulous open air museum of 19th century art and design.|
Phyfe, who was quite famous in his time, sadly is not part of the list of 22 famous people (Leonard Bernstein, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Boss Tweed to name a few) who are buried there and listed on the cemetery map. And he is no longer famous enough, or has enough visitors to warrant instant directions by the staff over where his tomb is located. But he is listed in the directory (there are two Duncan Phyfes he's the one who was buried in 1855).
The cemetery is also the site of a big revolutionary battle and on Battle Hill, there is a large Civil War Monument. Hundreds if not thousands of Civil War casualties are buried at various places around the cemetery with most of the graves are just marked with a simple tombstone, the name, unit, and year of death.
Phyfe's mausoleum is in section 78, at about the middle of the entire cemetery. In a dark, not well maintained area, the mausoleum has nothing on it to remind us that here lies one of the great cabinetmakers of all time. The design of the mausoleum itself is exactly the sort of thing that I cannot imagine Phyfe would like. Squat, forbidding, and plain, it has nothing of the elements of design that made the reputation of the man. His wife is buried with him, although neither has their names and dates recorded on the tomb. In front of the mausoleum are headstones memorializing members of the Whitlock family, whose Phyfe's daughter Mary married into.
I have also included several views of the cemetery, including several tombs that I thought were particularly wonderful, and a wooden back gate that is a great example of post - civil war architectural woodworking.
Should you visit our showroom, and we now have Saturday hours too, The cemetery 35th street entrance is just a few blocks away. It's well worth a look around, especially as the leave change in the fall.
|Comments are closed.|
|The opinions expressed in this blog are those of the blog's author and guests and in no way reflect the views of Tools for Working Wood.|